LYSANIAS° (d. c. 36 B.C.E.), son of Ptolemy (son of Mennaeus), king of Chalcis in the region of the Lebanon. On the death of his father (c. 40 B.C.E.), Lysanias inherited the principality of Chalcis and continued to support the Hasmonean prince, Antigonus, in the latter's attempt to oust the house of Herod from Judea. To this end Lysanias induced the Parthian satrap of Syria, Barzapharnes, to restore Antigonus to his throne, offering the Parthian 1,000 talents and 500 women (cf. Jos., Wars 1:248; according to Jos., Ant. 14:331 the offer was made by Antigonus himself). The ensuing Parthian conquest of Judea (40 B.C.E.) was short-lived, and with the defeat of the Parthians Lysanias lost his kingdom, which was presented by Mark Antony to the Egyptian queen Cleopatra (37–36 B.C.E.). Lysanias was subsequently accused by Cleopatra of supporting the anti-Roman invasion, and was executed by order of Antony. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Schuerer, Gesch, 4 (19114), 75 (index), S.V. (Isaiah Gafni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Lysanias — fue un tetrarca que gobernaba en Abileno cuando san Juan el Bautista empezó su predicación, hacia el año 26 de acuerdo con el evangelio de Lucas (Luc 3:1). Categoría: Enemigos y aliados de la Antigua Roma …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Lysanias — The reference to Lysanias in Luke 3:1 as the tetrarch of Abilene NW of Damascus may be a mistake, since the only Lysanias certainly known died in 36 BCE. There was, however, possibly another, unknown, Lysanias in the fifteenth year of the reign… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Lysanias —    Tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1), on the eastern slope of Anti Lebanon, near the city of Damascus …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Lysanias von Kyrene — Lysanias (3. Jahrhundert v. Chr.) war ein griechischer Grammatiker. Wie sein Schüler Eratosthenes wurde Lysanias in Kyrene geboren. Seine Werke sind in Auszügen erhalten. Eine Schrift über griechische Dichter, die mindestens zwei Bücher umfasste …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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