LYSANIAS°

LYSANIAS° (d. c. 36 B.C.E.), son of Ptolemy (son of Mennaeus), king of Chalcis in the region of the Lebanon. On the death of his father (c. 40 B.C.E.), Lysanias inherited the principality of Chalcis and continued to support the Hasmonean prince, Antigonus, in the latter's attempt to oust the house of Herod from Judea. To this end Lysanias induced the Parthian satrap of Syria, Barzapharnes, to restore Antigonus to his throne, offering the Parthian 1,000 talents and 500 women (cf. Jos., Wars 1:248; according to Jos., Ant. 14:331 the offer was made by Antigonus himself). The ensuing Parthian conquest of Judea (40 B.C.E.) was short-lived, and with the defeat of the Parthians Lysanias lost his kingdom, which was presented by Mark Antony to the Egyptian queen Cleopatra (37–36 B.C.E.). Lysanias was subsequently accused by Cleopatra of supporting the anti-Roman invasion, and was executed by order of Antony. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Schuerer, Gesch, 4 (19114), 75 (index), S.V. (Isaiah Gafni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Lysanias — was the name of the ruler of Abilene in biblical times.We have two sources that refer to him; According to Luke 3:1,he was tetrarch of Abilene in the time of John the Baptist. However,the only Lysanias mentioned in secular history as exercising… …   Wikipedia

  • Lysanias — (* um 80 v. Chr.(?); † ca. 36 v. Chr.) war Tetrarch eines Herrschaftsgebietes am Westhang des Hermon, zu dem u.a. die Städte Chalkis und Abila gehörten. Durch den jüdischen Geschichtsschreiber Josephus und Münzfunde ist seine Regierungstätigt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lysanias — est un souverain de l Abilène un petit royaume ituréen. Chez Flavius Josèphe, il est souvent qualifié de roi de Chalcis et de « roi des ituréens » chez Dion Cassius[1]. Il succède en 40 av. J.‑C. à son père Ptolémée Mennaeus[2]. Un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lysanias II — Lysanias II : souverain d Abilène entre 14 et 29 et probablement plus. Nous savons par l évangéliste Luc qu en 29 l Abilène était dirigée par un souverain (que Luc nomme « tétrarque ») du nom de Lysanias. En 37 après J. C. sa… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lysanias — fue un tetrarca que gobernaba en Abileno cuando san Juan el Bautista empezó su predicación, hacia el año 26 de acuerdo con el evangelio de Lucas (Luc 3:1). Categoría: Enemigos y aliados de la Antigua Roma …   Wikipedia Español

  • LYSANIAS — I. LYSANIAS Procurator Abylenes, s. Tetrarcha, memoratur Lucae c. 3. v. 1. ubi Euangelista rerum descriptionem aggressurus, quas Dominus noster toto ministerii sui tempore gessit; temporis circumstantiam, quae erat omnium maximi momenti, accurate …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Lysanias — The reference to Lysanias in Luke 3:1 as the tetrarch of Abilene NW of Damascus may be a mistake, since the only Lysanias certainly known died in 36 BCE. There was, however, possibly another, unknown, Lysanias in the fifteenth year of the reign… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Lysanias —    Tetrarch of Abilene (Luke 3:1), on the eastern slope of Anti Lebanon, near the city of Damascus …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Lysanias von Kyrene — Lysanias (3. Jahrhundert v. Chr.) war ein griechischer Grammatiker. Wie sein Schüler Eratosthenes wurde Lysanias in Kyrene geboren. Seine Werke sind in Auszügen erhalten. Eine Schrift über griechische Dichter, die mindestens zwei Bücher umfasste …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lysanias Ier — Lysanias Lysanias est un souverain de l Abilène un petit royaume ituréen. Il succède en 36 av. J. C. à son père Ptolémée Mennaeus. Il est mis à mort sur ordre de Marc Antoine et à la demande de Cléopâtre VII qui désirait s emparer de ces… …   Wikipédia en Français

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